Use the correct underlay
You should never put an oriental rug directly on an uncarpeted floor because, over time, the wool will become damaged from being pressed between two hard surfaces. An underlay protects the rug from this damage. The two best materials for an underlay are solid sponge rubber or one made from a combination of animal hair and jute (a type of vegetable fiber) with rubber coating on both sides.
Oriental rugs should be cleaned regularly and slowly. Use a carpet sweeper or a vacuum cleaner with beater bars. Vacuum the back of the rug first to loosen any of the dirt that is in the pile. Then, gently vacuum the face of the rug. Very …